Bowland has boasted a Lord of Bowland ever since William Rufus granted the title to one of his nobles in the early 1090s. For more than four centuries, between 1399 and 1649, the Lordship was a title of royalty and English monarchs styled themselves Lord Kings of Bowland.
In 1660, Charles II granted the lordship to one of his generals to create a dukedom and thereafter, the title was held in succession by seven dukes, an earl and a baron. Yet, after 1885, the lordship was lost for more than a century before being rediscovered by a researcher in 2008 and claimed from an extinct family trust.
Although less extensive than today’s Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the Lordship of Bowland once covered an area of almost 300 square miles. It comprised a Forest and a Liberty of ten manors spanning eight townships and four parishes. These manors included Slaidburn, Newton, West Bradford, Grindleton, Knowlmere, Waddington, Easington, Bashall, Mitton, Withgill (Crook), Leagram, Dunnow (formerly Battersby) and Hammerton.
Today’s Lord of Bowland – the sixteenth since 1660 - no longer owns land, but he does retain a number of ancient rights. These include the rights to appoint a Chief Steward (known formerly as a Master Forester) and to appoint one or more Bowbearers, a ceremonial attendant who by tradition accompanied the King during hunting but in later centuries became an officer of the Lord's forest courts. In 2010, Robert Parker of Browsholme Hall was appointed Bowbearer of the Forest of Bowland, the first in almost 150 years. Clitheroe surveyor Michael Parkinson was appointed Chief Steward of the Forest of Bowland one year later. By custom, the Lord of Bowland is also known as The Lord of the Fells.
Since 2009, the current Lord of Bowland has dedicated himself to good causes in the Forest, including support for the Slaidburn Village Archive, schools visits, public lectures, official openings, charitable fundraising and sponsorship. He has recently commissioned Lakeland composer Christopher Gibbs to produce a four-part song cycle celebrating the history of Bowland which will premiere in 2017.
If you'd like to learn more, please visit:
- Who needs a Lord of Bowland?
- Meet the Lord of Bowland
- Rural Life interview with Lord of Bowland
- Cambridge History of Lordship of Bowland
- Wikipedia on Lordship of Bowland
- Ancient Origins of Lordship
- Rise, Fall and Renewal over Nine Centuries
- Mapping Lordship of Bowland
- The Lord Moves in Mysterious Ways
- Portrait of Bowbearer
- Bowbearer Letters Patent
- Portrait of Master Forester
- Chief Steward Letters Patent
- Letters Patent for Court of Lord King
- Letters Patent for Succession to Lordship